Back to Life The Murder of Emmett Till, I Have A Dream and Bristol Bus Boycott



Today marks sixty-five years since the murder of Emmett Till in Money, Mississippi, USA. His punishment for the alleged crime of whistling at a white woman, was to be abducted, beaten, shot and tossed into the Tallahatiche River. His mother’s decision to have an open casket and let the world see the horror of what his murderers did to her 14-year old’ mutilated body radicalised a generation of future black leaders. They included John Lewis, Muhammad Ali, Malcolm X and many unknown foot soldiers who proudly called themselves ‘Emmett Till men’ who went on to devote their lives to getting into ‘good trouble’. They knew it could easily have been one of them, one black life indistinguishable and unloved from another.

Later that in that year of 1955, Rosa Parkes would defy instructions to move from her seat from the front to the back of the bus. This put women at their rightful place at the centre of the battle for social justice. She would be joined by a young Reverend Martin Luther King on an arduous year-long campaign for civil rights and social justice in Montgomery, Alabama.

On 28th August 1963 Dr King delivered his electrifying and unifying, I Have a Dream speech. It is important to remember that his speech over 60 years ago called for an end to police brutality as well as racial equality. Dr King’s work inspired another firebrand Paul Stephenson who once proudly told me how he once de-segregated a Virginia hotel. He led many others in the Bristol Bus Boycott that also ended the day Dr King spoke in Washington D.C.. That provided the template for major changes to equalities law and social justice in Britain.

From Breonna Taylor and George Floyd to this week’s sickening shooting of Jacob Blake we sadly still experience these heinous crimes in 2020. The key themes from history are just as relevant today. Black bodies the subject of unpunished brutality. The importance of media and images to keep the spotlight on these atrocities. Dreaming of brighter tomorrow’s and painfully tackling morally corrupt leaders in authority. Take a moment this weekend to remember many fearless campaigners and activists such as Roy Hackett, Tony Benn MP and Emmett’s mother Mamie Till.

Even though we are separated by waters that transported enslaved millions from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean by people who then as now viewed their bodies as disposable commodities. We can still stand united together and remember their actions mattered.


Roger Griffith MBE is the former Executive Chair and Broadcaster at Ujima Radio, he is a lecturer at UWE Bristol and the author of My American Odyssey From the Windrush to the White House. He is currently researching his next book, Reflections Across A New Black Atlantic.

The Shootings in Charleston, USA – Slaughter of the Innocents

Today is going to be a sad, poignant day across America and my condolences go to the grieving families. The church is important to many in America generally and particularly within the African-American communities providing links of sustenance as well as prayer, a sense of community, support and comfort. It has given us diverse leaders from Dr Martin Luther King to Malcolm X; many musicians including Beyoncé and Aretha Franklin got their first starts there. Sportspeople, politicians and business leaders have all found spiritual links or their first connections. Later today you will see pictures of unity, tears and many speeches as America and indeed the world says a prayer for the nine dead churchgoers slain by 21 year old gunman Dylann Roof at the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in Charleston, America, a city where I have visited and write of in my book.

The fact that these innocents were savagely gunned down in cold blood during bible study in a year of civil rights significance in which we have been commemorating and celebrating in Bristol disturb me. Coming after several Police killings of unarmed black men in America, it shows that far from being post-racial or outdated the fight for equality and social justice whether through race, income, gender, age, religion, sexuality or disability continues to be not only relevant but a key tenet of any functioning society .

Until we have respect for others even when we don’t agree, an end to discrimination and the senseless violence that continues to be a tool of fear for too many across the globe it proves we not only have a long way to go but we must work even harder together to tackle